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每週常用英文練習句:  What’s your plan for the weekend?  你週未有什麼計畫? 



目前日期文章:201309 (57)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

 Blog近期活動: 常用英文Blog無限期徵求「英文客座文章(Guest Post)」

 

 有緣來到常用英文Blog,千萬不要只是來複製,貼上文章

 記得至少學會怎麼應用英文例句或者怎麼背單字再走,都還來的及!

也不要忘了多看一些正面的英文文章

 

     

 

1.常用英文句系列 

常用的英文情話句

常用英文1000句 Hot!!

常用旅遊英文100句

常用英文縮寫50句

常用英文面試50問句

常用英文書信開頭短語

常用的10句英文問候語

常用的35句英文道歉語

常用英文學習網站和線上字典 

常用的10句英文道歉語

職場常用英文100句

生活常用英文100句

幼稚園常用英文100句

常用的生活俚語300句 New!!

常用的英文郵件用語 Email

常用的英文名句/諺語(作文常用)

常用的英文讚美語

常用的英文工作職稱50 

常用的英文感謝/感激用語句

常聽到的熱門品牌英文廣告Slogans

100句英、美劇常用英文

常用的請假英文句

看病常用英文50句

常說的10句祝福英文短句

常用表達驚訝的英文句子

 

2.常用英文單字系列

國小畢業必需學會的300英文單字

常用英文單字基礎1000字

常用英文單字-VOA 1500單字表

常用英文4000單字-教育部公佈

常用英文文名字 -
The Most Popular English's Names

要如何背單字的方法

諾曼·舒爾最重要的1000英文字 -
Norman Schur's 1000 Most Important 

常聽到的簡單英文歌

常用的多益(TOEIC)跟托福單字(TOEFL)基礎850字

常用表達時間的英文單字

國小英文教學單字列表(小學一~三年級)

基本常用的英文形容詞/名詞單字

十二星座英文單字

免費英文聊天室學英文 特!!

常用的蔬菜英文單字

常用的股票市場、金融英文單字

美劇常聽的法律英文單字

常用練習發音英文繞口令

台灣小吃英文單字

常弄錯的100個英文單字

常用的國中英文單字

 

 

3. 看影片學英文系列

適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片推薦

常用的國外免費線上英文課程New!!

人生隨時都可以重來 

A memory to remember 記憶月台

沒有失敗過怎麼叫做是人生呢?

The Halloween Peek-a-Boo!

學做好爸爸 Tonight You Belong to Me

life is full of choices , have you made the right one

神盾局特工Agents of SHIELD

Butterfly Effect 每段人生的蝴蝶效應

台灣最有錢的人和世界首富-
Taiwan's 10 Richest 2013

世界首富的思維-退而不休

世界首富的思維-至零方休的革新

世界首富的思維-我創造了微軟帝國

賈柏斯電影預告-蘋果電腦的誕生

世界首富的思維-老師們需要真正的回饋

林書豪電影預告(可開英文字幕)

世界首富的思維-賈伯斯在史丹佛大學畢業典禮的英文演講稿

 

 

4.實用英文發音矯正系列

利用YOUTUBE影片快速矯正英文發音-
英語の発音を使ってYouTubeの動画クイック補正

實用英文發音單字矯正-第一集
如何唸英文數字

實用英文發音單字矯正-第二集"U"發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第三集"Y"發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第四集"V" 發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第五集"T"發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第六集"S"發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第七集"P"發音

實用英文發音單字矯正-第八集"F"發音

5. 看書學英文系列 

常用的兒童英文學習網站 New!

logo - 1

 

 

6. 搞笑影片學英文系列

如何快速要到正妹或型男的電話號碼-
簡單搭訕英文

Apple's iOS7 讓傑克哭了

女友發現新小三-GTA5

看影片學英文-在女人面前不要太誠實

The Restaurant Couple

史上最扯的開車方式...

大叔喝醉還玩劈腿

 

7.玩遊戲學英文系列

 
文章標籤

常用英文 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

      

VOA美國之音慢速英語
英文新聞
看影片學英文

 

背單字小技巧:

有緣來到常用英文Blog,千萬不要只是會複製貼上喔,記得至少學會怎麼應用例句怎麼背單字、或者如何有系統的學習英文等等好用的文章,錯過就可惜了!

   

--  Voa Learning English』、English Learning

  英文系學生說 只要聽的懂 VOA SPECIAL ENGLISH 英文程度就可以到中級,也就是說不管全民英檢、多益、托福的考試英文單字表,都包括在VOA英文單字表內,所以只要每天可以聽寫完成一篇報導,大概三個月就可以到達英文中上以上程度,這投資報酬率比去任何補習班都還要高,當然讀書要有技巧,背單字更要有方法,但學了又用不到怎麼辦,請你參考三分鐘讓你跟外國人聊天,當然背單字累的時候也可以看看一些適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片或者聽一些常聽到的簡單英文歌英文書籍看美劇,當然VOA英文單字對你來說太困難的話,就從國小畢業必需學會的300英文單字,開始建立學習英文的信心。再升級到常用英文單字基礎1000字,最後再來背VOA就事半功倍囉!

 

 

 VOA的網址  http://learningenglish.voanews.com/ 

 Google 直接搜索下載     VOA美國之音單字表1500 

(版權所有美國之音voanews.com)

也可以參考下載免費學習英文APP

 

Voa English 1500單字內容範例 (版權所有美國之音voanews.com)

1. VOA Special English Word Book
2. a (an) - ad. one; any; each 一個
3. able - ad. having the power to do something 有能力的
4. about - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the weather.") 大約
5. above - ad. at a higher place 在….之上
6. abuse - n. bad treatment causing harm or injury 濫用、虐待
7. accept - v. to agree to receive 接受
8. accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; 意外
9. accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement against someone 控告
10. across - ad. from side to side; to the other side 跨越

103. baby - n. a newly born creature 寶寶
104. back - n. the part behind the front; ad. the other way from forward
105. bad - ad. wrong; acting against the law; not good
106. balance - v. to make two sides or forces equal 平衡
107. ball - n. something round 球
108. balloon - n. 氣球
109. ballot - n. a piece of paper used for voting 選票
110. ban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction 禁止

187. cabinet - n. 內閣a group of ministers that helps lead a government
188. call - v. 稱呼、打電話to give a name to ("I call myself John."); to ask for or request ("They called for an end to the fighting.")
189. calm - ad. 冷靜quiet; peaceful; opposite tense
190. camera - n. 相機a device for taking pictures
191. camp - n. 營隊a place with temporary housing
192. campaign - n. 競選活動a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from voters; a connected series of military actions during a war
193. can - v. to be able to; to have the right to; n. a container used to hold liquid or food, usually made of metal
194. cancel - v. 取消to end; to stop
195. cancer - n. 癌症a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the body
196. candidate - n. 候選人a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor
197. capital - n. 首都the official center of a government; the city where a country's government is
198. capture - v. 捕捉to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get control of
199. car - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; an automobile; a part of a train
200. care - v. 關心to like; to protect; to feel worry or interest

 

 想看更多英文教學文章或影片: 請到 - 常用英文你才不會忘記Blog

常用英文 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

如何快速背英文單字如何有效背英文單字如何背好英文單字如何教小朋友背英文單字

  如何背單字的方法  

       

要如何背單字的方法作者:Davytw&佚名 圖:Davytw

        有緣來到常用英文Blog,記得不要只是看看文章複製貼上在看底下如何背單字的方法之前,首先必需先知道你現在的英文程度在那裡;如果是連1000個基本單字或者小學基本三百個英文單字,一般的中英文翻譯練習都感覺很吃力,那麼建議你平常可以先聽一些"簡單英文單字的歌曲"會比真的"單純背單字"來的有效果,先從看一些基礎的英文單字繪本英文書籍,可以先啓發一些背英文單字的樂趣;然後看一些你比較有興趣的英文學習單元如:(學習英文的卡通/動畫片兒童英文學習網站看美劇)千千萬萬不要一開始勉強看一些出現機率不高的單字,那你一定會很快放棄,專家說學英文最好是有系統化的去學習一步一步來效果會最好。 

  那什麼是"系統化"的去學習呢? 也就是說你要有一套自己的學習方法,且這方法適合你使用在背單字上,譬如有些人就是用"背英文字典"的方法逐字英文單字的背,對背英文字典記單字,這種枯燥乏味的方法,沒感到累或無聊,對某些同學來說這就是一套有用的背單字的系統,當然你也可以找一些英文故事書籍,透過大量閱讀來背單字,會比背字典來的有趣,原則上每個人都會有適合自己的學習方法 ,那接下來我們來看看常用的英文背單字的方法、系統有那些呢?

  

1.英文諧音法 - 譬如 Ambition野心、雄心 這個單字 你可以唸成 (偶必勝)來幫助自己對這個單字的印象 

其它範例-中英文翻譯-Agony 痛苦(愛過你)、Admire 欽佩,讚美 (偶的媽呀)、Kangaroo袋鼠 (坎坷路)、Giraff 長頸鹿(吉拉福)、Koala 無尾態 (可愛啦)

2.英文字首、字根、字尾記憶法 - 譬如 Bookcase Bookstore、 Careful Careless、herself myself 每一組字都是有意義又關連的英文單字!

Microwave微波、Microwave oven微波爐、Microphone麥克風、Microbiology微生物學、Microsoft微軟

3.英文舉一反三法- 譬如 apple蘋果加個D變" dapple"斑點, 雖然這二個字並非同一個系列字,而且意義也大不同但卻可以幫助記憶

    war 戰爭 dwarf 侏儒 、award獎品 & angle角  bangle手鐲 tangle 糾結等等

 

4.英文同義詞系列背法- 譬如 Kill 殺 murder 謀殺 suicide 自殺 (SOrry用的字比較負面) 這也是一種加強背單字的方法、你當然也可以反過來用反義字

 

5.英文興趣術語字母記憶法- 譬如你的嗜好是打藍球  (slam) dunk 灌籃、 jump shot跳投 、block shot蓋火鍋 ; 找到一個你喜歡的英文主題,利用該項主題來幫助提升你對於背單字這件事情的興趣

 

但我個人最推薦的還是以下要介紹的方法,雖然我找不到原作者是誰,但我取名這個背單字的方法叫"腳踏實地法",這方法是一定要推薦跟我同一類型的人:

在使用這背單字系統前,有三個你必須準備要有的學習心態

1.承認背單字是一項苦工、並不是每個人都是背單字的天才.

2.一定要在短期內不間斷的學習、並且不放棄.

3.利用從簡到難的系統方法來背單字.

 

  同學們也可以參考下載免費學習英文APP

(P.S 那如果以上的背單字系統方法、對你統統都沒效,那也沒關係參考一下別人的學英文不用背單字的方法,只要不放棄,生命總是會找到別的出口的!!)

 

以下背單字方法文章版權出處 : 不可考....若原作者有緣看到且欲刪除本文章分享,請直接留言反應,若有侵犯到您的個人權利並造成困擾請見諒 

作者:佚名

生命過程中、練任何功夫,都有一道瓶頸橫梗在前面,瓶頸只要一突破,就輕鬆自在海闊天空了,突破不了瓶頸只能算是半調子,混呀混的,沒什麼前途。


不論任何領域,功夫要好,基本功一定要紮實,花拳繡腿是無三小路用的。


講到學英語、背單字,我有一套親身經歷而完整的學習方法,提供給你參考。


很多人英語學不會,或英語很破,都是因為英語單字和詞彙背不夠的關係,一般人,如果不是有系統的去背單字,英文文章絕對是看不懂的,講話也是結結巴巴的,講一句想一句。


事實上,學英語根本不難,因為它是全世界最簡單的語言,所以英語才能在世界通行。我們處在非英語系為母語的國家,英語不好,也沒什麼不對,但是如果想徹底搞好英文或考試拿高分,就要搞對方法,有系統的去背單字學英文。我們的學習方法,絕不能用學校和傳統的那一套,也不要相信那些輕鬆自然的技巧方法。因為那些方法是根本無效、無用的。


單字背夠了,瓶頸一突破,文法句型片語自然而然就通了,真的不用刻意去學,文章看多了,文理文意文法輕鬆就懂了。


很久以前,我的外文系系主任,認為我們當年入學的新生英文程度很差,就講了一段他當年在北大K英文的過程,給我們聽,並強迫我們大量背誦字彙語詞。
他說,當年他的英文也很破,比不上別的同學,自尊心嚴重受損,於是他發下重誓,一定要把英文唸好。


他決定利用暑假4個月,來苦讀英文,暑假開始後,他閉門讀書,不見客,不娛樂,除了吃飯和睡覺外,就是有系統的背單字,沒有什麼花樣,沒有什麼技巧,就是硬背、硬記、死記、活記,然後一直重覆練習,硬是把6000個單字,熟記在心,4個月出關後,英文豁然開朗,程度突飛猛進,自然而然就昇華到另外一個境界,後來出國讀書、就業,後半輩子,都受惠當年4個月的苦讀。


我受系主任的開示,也曾利用暑假依樣畫葫蘆,結果也是一樣奏效。
因此,我得了一個啟示,學英語首先一定要把單字、片語背好,單字搞定了再來搞其他的聽、說、讀、寫等等,單字不足,基本功軟趴趴的,其他一切免談。
很多人英文不好,遇到瓶頸不能突破,除了單字背得太少的原因,還有一個因素就是常背常忘。


事實上,「忘的」比「記的」還多,是因為大家都把背下的單字,記在腦的淺層區,人腦淺層區的能力,「普通的」翌日就忘了,「重要的」只能記個10天半個月的,「印象深刻的」才可能幫你記一輩子,至死不忘。


學生猛背單字,不長期追蹤復習的話,大腦最多幫你記個1個月,月考後,就逐漸淡出了,因此學校所學,能記得的字實在有限。
所以背單字一定要有系統,大規模的記在深層區,就像釘子牢牢釘緊,永矢弗諼,永世不忘。


背單字要有計劃,要一次搞定,千萬不要相信有些人說,一天背10個一年就3650個,積少成多的謊言;也不要相信一些輕鬆的自然學習法,這些方法除非身在國外,否則根本毋用去試,絕對不會成功的。


大規模背單字,單字數量一定要規劃清礎(片語也要當成單字背),坊間的書冊和電腦輔助很多,基本上分初級、中級和高級三個程度,隨便依程度挑選一本(含發音)的單字本就可以了。


國中程度,不包括早安,晚安等簡單單字,2000個字就差不多了,高中程度再加個2000個字,大學程度就非要6000-8000字以上,才能輕鬆看懂英文刊物和小說,算是中等程度了,再上層和專業的英語就不談了。


學校初、高中學所學的單字在3000-4000字左右,把這些背得滾瓜爛熟,只能算是打基礎。靠它們來閱讀和寫作是很吃力的。算是半調子了。單字一定要6000字以上,才可以得心應手向前進了。


如果你想讓你的英文程度高人一等,利用英文拿分或出人頭地,那你在國中時就要搞到高中的水準,高中時就要有大學的水準,大學時就要和國際接上軌。


我的背單字的經驗是,第一天從早到晚背300個單字,第二天都復習這300個字,第三天再背新的300個單字,花二、三天再復習這600個單字,不斷增加下去,一個月下來,大約可以強記了3、4000個單字,餘下的日子就不斷重復練習,最少最少再要K一個月,並看一些其他的英文相關書籍。


背單字的過程是蠻辛苦的,常常會背,而且背多了,就感覺得,單字像要從腦袋瓜子滿出來似的。

ex: 可以先從 常用英文單字基礎1000字

 
     然後參考 常用英文發音矯正
 


這段時間不娛樂,不看電視,不看其他東西,不打電腦,不和男、女朋友聯絡,除了吃飯睡覺就是背單字,滿腦子就是英文英文英文。


暑假一過,脫一層皮後,保證你一定滿腹珠璣,英文的單字詞句,泉湧而出,源源不絕,琅琅上口。英文程度一定是全班第一,全校第一了,考大學英文一定是滿級分。


以上是學習英語的有效安排和規劃,說起來容易,做起來很艱難的。這種苦學的方法我曾和許多學生提過,但是起頭都是興緻勃勃的,最後10個有9個是半途而廢,這和個人的毅力、個性有關,成功的那個學生,他們的英語成績自是一飛衝天,擋都擋不住了。
妄想要成為人中人,非有吃得苦中苦的能耐不可。
不經一番寒澈骨
焉得梅花撲鼻香

 想看更多英文教學文章或影片: 請到 - 常用英文你才不會忘記Blog

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有緣來到常用英文Blog,記得不要只是會複製貼上喔,

記得至少學會怎麼應用例句或者怎麼背單字再走,都還來的及!

如果你背1000個基本單字感覺很吃力建議可以先找、常用的兒童英文學習網站

也可以常聽一些簡單的英文單字的歌曲或者看一些

適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片英文書籍看美劇這樣子也可以啓發一些

背單字的興趣~或者是練習更基礎的小學畢業一定要記得的三百個英文單字

當然再來就是要進級常用的1500個單字當然可以參考下載免費學習英文APP

  

國中小學英文1000 SWF 動畫教學- 台南市政府教師會用心製作

1.下載連結直接打開壓軸檔後執行 .exe

2.點選進入上課遊戲圖示

3.以下為遊戲內容圖示

4.各單字有發音跟例句可以跟讀 

 engflash2    engflash  

直接下載: 國中小英文1000 動畫教學 台南市政府教師會用心製作

 

 

 

A
a, about, above, across, act, active, activity, add, afraid, after, again, age, ago, agree, air, all, alone, along, already, always, am, amount, an, and, angry, another, answer, any, anyone, anything, anytime, appear, apple, are, area, arm, army, around, arrive, art, as, ask, at, attack, aunt, autumn, away.


B
baby, back, bad, bag, ball, bank, base, basket, bath, be, bean, bear, beautiful, bed, bedroom, beer, behave, before, begin, behind, bell, below, besides, best, better, between, big, bird, birth, birthday, bit, bite, black, bleed, block, blood, blow, blue, board, boat, body, boil, bone, book, border, born, borrow, both, bottle, bottom, bowl, box, boy, branch, brave, bread, break, breakfast, breathe, bridge, bright, bring, brother, brown, brush, build, burn, business, bus, busy, but, buy, by.

C
cake, call, can, candle, cap, car, card, care, careful, careless, carry, case, cat, catch, central, century, certain, chair, chance, change, chase, cheap, cheese, chicken, child, children, chocolate, choice, choose, circle, city, class, clever, clean, clear, climb, clock, cloth, clothes, cloud, cloudy, close, coffee, coat, coin, cold, collect, colour, comb, comfortable, common, compare, come, complete, computer, condition, continue, control, cook, cool, copper, corn, corner, correct, cost, contain, count, country, course, cover, crash, cross, cry, cup, cupboard, cut.

D
dance, dangerous, dark, daughter, day, dead, decide, decrease, deep, deer, depend, desk, destroy, develop, die, different, difficult, dinner, direction, dirty, discover, dish, do, dog, door, double, down, draw, dream, dress, drink, drive, drop, dry, duck, dust, duty.

E
each, ear, early, earn, earth, east, easy, eat, education, effect, egg, eight, either, electric, elephant, else, empty, end, enemy, enjoy, enough, enter, equal, entrance, escape, even, evening, event, ever, every, everyone, exact, everybody, examination, example, except, excited, exercise, expect, expensive, explain, extremely, eye.

F
face, fact, fail, fall, false, family, famous, far, farm, father, fast, fat, fault, fear, feed, feel, female, fever, few, fight, fill, film, find, fine, finger, finish, fire, first, fish, fit, five, fix, flag, flat, float, floor, flour, flower, fly, fold, food, fool, foot, football, for, force, foreign, forest, forget, forgive, fork, form, fox, four, free, freedom, freeze, fresh, friend, friendly, from, front, fruit, full, fun, funny, furniture, further, future.

G
game, garden, gate, general, gentleman, get, gift, give, glad, glass, go, goat, god, gold, good, goodbye, grandfather, grandmother, grass, grave, great, green, grey, ground, group, grow, gun.

H
hair, half, hall, hammer, hand, happen, happy, hard, hat, hate, have, he, head, healthy, hear, heavy, heart, heaven, height, hello, help, hen, her, here, hers, hide, high, hill, him, his, hit, hobby, hold, hole, holiday, home, hope, horse, hospital, hot, hotel, house, how, hundred, hungry, hour, hurry, husband, hurt.

I
I, ice, idea, if, important, in, increase, inside, into, introduce, invent, iron, invite, is, island, it, its.

J
jelly, job, join, juice, jump, just.

K
keep, key, kill, kind, king, kitchen, knee, knife, knock, know.

L
ladder, lady, lamp, land, large, last, late, lately, laugh, lazy, lead, leaf, learn, leave, leg, left, lend, length, less, lesson, let, letter, library, lie, life, light, like, lion, lip, list, listen, little, live, lock, lonely, long, look, lose, lot, love, low, lower, luck.

M
machine, main, make, male, man, many, map, mark, market, marry, matter, may, me, meal, mean, measure, meat, medicine, meet, member, mention, method, middle, milk, million, mind, minute, miss, mistake, mix, model, modern, moment, money, monkey, month, moon, more, morning, most, mother, mountain, mouth, move, much, music, must, my.

N
name, narrow, nation, nature, near, nearly, neck, need, needle, neighbour, neither, net, never, new, news, newspaper, next, nice, night, nine, no, noble, noise, none, nor, north, nose, not, nothing, notice, now, number.

O
obey, object, ocean, of, off, offer, office, often, oil, old, on, one, only, open, opposite, or, orange, order, other, our, out, outside, over, own.

P
page, pain, paint, pair, pan, paper, parent, park, part, partner, party, pass, past, path, pay, peace, pen, pencil, people, pepper, per, perfect, period, person, petrol, photograph, piano, pick, picture, piece, pig, pin, pink, place, plane, plant, plastic, plate, play, please, pleased, plenty, pocket, point, poison, police, polite, pool, poor, popular, position, possible, potato, pour, power, present, press, pretty, prevent, price, prince, prison, private, prize, probably, problem, produce, promise, proper, protect, provide, public, pull, punish, pupil, push, put.

Q
queen, question, quick, quiet, quite.

R
radio, rain, rainy, raise, reach, read, ready, real, really, receive, record, red, remember, remind, remove, rent, repair, repeat, reply, report, rest, restaurant, result, return, rice, rich, ride, right, ring, rise, road, rob, rock, room, round, rubber, rude, rule, ruler, run, rush.

S
sad, safe, sail, salt, same, sand, save, say, school, science, scissors, search, seat, second, see, seem, sell, send, sentence, serve, seven, several, sex, shade, shadow, shake, shape, share, sharp, she, sheep, sheet, shelf, shine, ship, shirt, shoe, shoot, shop, short, should, shoulder, shout, show, sick, side, signal, silence, silly, silver, similar, simple, single, since, sing, sink, sister, sit, six, size, skill, skin, skirt, sky, sleep, slip, slow, small, smell, smile, smoke, snow, so, soap, sock, soft, some, someone, something, sometimes, son, soon, sorry, sound, soup, south, space, speak, special, speed, spell, spend, spoon, sport, spread, spring, square, stamp, stand, star, start, station, stay, steal, steam, step, still, stomach, stone, stop, store, storm, story, strange, street, strong, structure, student, study, stupid, subject, substance, successful, such, sudden, sugar, suitable, summer, sun, sunny, support, sure, surprise, sweet, swim, sword.

T
table, take, talk, tall, taste, taxi, tea, teach, team, tear, telephone, television, tell, ten, tennis, terrible, test, than, that, the, their, then, there, therefore, these, thick, thin, thing, think, third, this, though, threat, three, tidy, tie, title, to, today, toe, together, tomorrow, tonight, too, tool, tooth, top, total, touch, town, train, tram, travel, tree, trouble, true, trust, twice, try, turn, type.

U
ugly, uncle, under, understand, unit, until, up, use, useful, usual, usually.

V

vegetable, very, village, voice, visit.

W
wait, wake, walk, want, warm, was, wash, waste, watch, water, way, we, weak, wear, weather, wedding, week, weight, welcome, were, well, west, wet, what, wheel, when, where, which, while, white, who, why, wide, wife, wild, will, win, wind, window, wine, winter, wire, wise, wish, with, without, woman, wonder, word, work, world, worry.

Y
yard, yell, yesterday, yet, you, young, your.

Z
zero, zoo.

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歡迎來到常用英文你才不會忘記Blog-商用英文系列

職場常用英文  
PIC FROM Phillie Casablanca

進辦公室的第一天就要貼在牆壁上
推薦職場菜鳥,使用英文常用的100句

 

  

商用英文的基本概念包括常用英文推薦英文傳真及一般辦公室E-mail開頭格式與會議安排,當然如果你需要考好多益、托福的話,必需要先練習寫好各種商用英文信的要點,如:進出口貿易流程建立交易條件詢價報價還價感謝信訂單一般信用狀匯票介紹,底下的範例為一般辦公室英文Mail的基本寫法,多跟同事一起互相練習,可以省去補習班報名英文課程的錢,目前在手機也有很多的商用英文APP也可以參考!

英文句主要引用參考來源:作者:楊偉凱 著 [利用上班 學好英文]  

若欲知更多詳細內容請加 原著連結 請支持正版 、商周出版 或者你有中等以上英文能力其實國外有很多免費線上商用英文課程可以參考加入上課!假如你習慣花錢請家教就參考這裡吧 

隨身帶走方便學習-常用英文免費學習APP下載 

商用英文信,用句引用範例-

1. May I have your reply by April 1, if possible?

如果可能,我可否在4月1日前收到您的答复?

2. If you wish, we would be happy to…
如果你希望,我們很樂意…

3. Please let me know if there’s anything I can do to help.
請讓我知道任何我可以幫得上忙的地方…

4. If there’s anything else I can do for you on/regarding this matter, please feel free to contact me at any time.
對於這件事,如果還有任何我能幫得上忙的地方,請不要客氣,隨時與我聯絡…

5. If you want additional recommendation on this, please let us know and we can try to see if this is possible.
如果關於此事你需要額外的建議,請讓我們知道,我們會嘗試看看是否可能… 

6. I’m just writing to remind you of…
我只是寫信來提醒您…

7. May we remind you that…?

我們想要提醒您…

8. I am enclosing…
我附上…

9. Please find enclosed…
請查閱附件…

10. Attached hereto…
附件是關於…

12. Attached please find the most up-to-date information on/regarding/concerning
附上關於某某的最新資料

13. Attached please find the draft product plan for your review and comment.
附上產品計劃書的草稿,請審查及評價

14. If you have any further question, please feel free to contact me.
如果你有任何問題,請不要客氣與我聯絡

15. I hope my clarification has been helpful.
希望我的說明是有幫助的

16. Please feel free to call me at any time, I will continually provide full support.
請隨時跟我聯絡,我會持續地提供全程支援

17. Please let me know if this is suitable.
請讓我知道這是否恰當

18. Looking forward to seeing you soon.
期待很快能見到你

19. We look forward to hearing from you soon.
我們期待很快能得到您的回复

20. Hope this is clear and we are happy to discuss this further if necessary.
希望上述說明很清楚,如有必要,我們很樂意再進一步討論

21. I look forward to receiving your reply soon.
我期待很快能收到你的回复

22. Looking forward to receiving your comments in due course.
期待在預期的時間收到你的反饋

23. I’ll keep you posted.
​我會與你保持聯絡

24. Please keep me informed on the matter.
請隨時讓我知道這件事的發展

25. For any comments/suggestion, please contact Mr.Ong at 014-988 9790.
任何評價或建議,請打電話014-988 9790聯絡Mr.Ong

26. I would like to apologize for
我想就…道歉…

27. I apologize for the delay in…
對於…的耽擱,我深感抱歉

28. We are sorry for any inconvenience caused.
對於產生任何不便,我們感到抱歉

29. I am sorry for any inconvenience this has caused you.
對於造成你的任何不便,我感到抱歉

30. I’m sorry about last time.
關於上次的事我很抱歉

31.We apologize for not replying you earlier.
對於未能早一點回信給你,我們感到抱歉

32. I’m really sorry about this.
關於這件事,我真的很抱歉

33. Sorry, I’m late in replying to your e-mail dated Monday, April 1.
抱歉,太遲回您在4月1日(星期一)發給我的郵件
.

34. We apologize for the delay and hope that it doesn’t inconvenience you too much.
我們為耽擱道歉,希望不會給您帶來太多的不便
.

35.Hoping that this will not cause you too much trouble.
希望不會為您帶來太多的麻煩

36.Sorry if my voice message is not clear enough.
如果我的電話留言不夠清楚,我深感抱歉

37. Thank you for your help.
謝謝你的幫助

38. I appreciate very much that you…
我非常感激你…

39. I truly appreciate it.

我真的很感激

40. Thank you for your participation.
謝謝你的參加

41. Thank you so much for inviting me.
非常感謝你邀請我

42.Congratulation to all of you and thanks for your efforts.
恭喜各位並謝謝各位的努力

43. Your understanding and cooperation is greatly/highly appreciated.
很感激你的理解及合作

44. Your prompt respone will be most appreciated.
很感激你快速的答复

45. Once again, thank you all for your commitment and support.
再一次感謝你的承諾及支持

46. Thanks for your input/clarification/message.
謝謝你的投入/澄清/信息

47. Any comments will be much appreciated.
對於您的任何建議,我將非常感激

48. Thank you very much for everything you’ve done for me.
謝謝你為我做的一切

49. I would appreciate your kindest understanding with/regarding this matter.
我很感激​​你對這件事情的理解

50. Please convey my thanks to all the staff involved, they certainly did an excellent job.
請表達我的謝意給那些有關的同仁,他們真的做得很好
 

 若欲知更多詳細內容請加 原著連結 請支持正版

 

 

(其它常用句陸續更新中....)

 51.Definitely,We will dell with it at once.
當然, 我們會很快幫您處理.

 52.Well. I'll need to speak with our AT department about this.
那麼我需要跟我們的技術部門討論一下.

53.I'd like to remind you especially for ....
我想要特別的提醒你...

54.Please could you send your price list as soon as possible.
如果可以請快點寄你的價格表給我們. 

55.If you need any more information, please feel free to ask me.
如果你需要更多資料,請不要客氣直接問我.

56.We just received your inquiry. We’ll get back to you about your order as soon as possible.
我們剛剛收到您的詢問信,我們會儘快處理你的需求!

 

 隨身帶走方便學習-常用英文免費學習APP下載

 

延伸閱讀~~~~

商用英文文章系列

常用英文面試50問句 

職場常用英文100句

常用的英文郵件用語 Email

常用英文書信開頭短語

 常用的英文讚美語 

常用的英文工作職稱50 

常用的股票市場、金融英文單字

小提醒:

有緣來到常用英文Blog,記得不要只是看看文章複製貼上喔,在看完職場英文後,如果你現在的程度是連1000個基本單字或者小學基本三百個英文單字,練習起來都感覺很吃力,建議你平常先聽一些"簡單英文單字的歌曲"開始學習,或者是看一些基礎的英文單字繪本和有趣的項目,這樣子至少一開始背英文句子才不會無聊(如:看喜歡的美劇或者看看一些適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片英文書籍)千萬不要勉強背一些出現機率不高的單字或者深硬的文章,學英文最好還是有系統化的去學習一步一步來效果會最好。

 undefined

 

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 I...know...

I know you...how about we say, "Be quiet!"

Uh, that means there's a firework coming.

Okay.

I know, you belong...when we hear, say, "Shih," that means there's a firework coming.

Uh, okay.

I know...when it goes, "Shih," that means there's a firework here.

Uh, okay.

I know you belong to somebody new, "Shih!"

Let's check outside.

No fireworks out there.

But tonight you belong to me.

Although, we're apart...you'll say, "Although (although)." Uh, okay.

Although (although) we're apart

You're part of my heart

And tonight you belong to me

Way down by the stream

How sweet it will seem

Once more just to dream

In the moonlight

My honey I know

By the dawn that you will be gone, "Shih!"

What's the sound? Airplane.

But tonight you belong to me

Just to little old me

"Shih!"

Way down by the stream

How sweet it will be

Once more just to dream

By the moonlight

My honey I know

By the dawn...Dad just sing it...

I know you belong to somebody new

And tonight you belong to me

Just to little old me

"Shih!"

 

 

這個影片的歌曲來源來自YOUTUBE,當我寫信去問是否可以讓我把歌放在BLOG避免版權問題,想不到沒到十分鐘就回信答應了,真的是很大方的授權者!

  (To use this video in a commercial player or in broadcasts, please email licensing@storyful.com)

Thank u Louise ^__^ 

 -------------------------------------------------------------

Hi Davy, please feel free to link to the original YouTube video on your blog.
 
We cannot grant permission to edit this blog in any form.
 
Bes,
 

Louise Tierney  

Head of Sales for Content | Storyful.com

Phone: 01 537 0291

louise.tierney@storyful.com

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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      在台灣學英文閱讀總是有個很大的盲點,就是不夠生活化,一般英文童話故事跟英文小說,除非是你有興趣或者有一定英文程度才能讀的下去,我一直在想,為什麼我們的英文課本文章,一定要弄的文謅謅,一點生活化跟可以應用的感覺都沒有,難怪學了又忘~~~難到國外人講話跟寫文章也會這樣嗎?

事實上並沒有!

一般話題討論的英文根本就是國中程度就可以看懂了,我們教育體制就是要把它弄的很複雜把英文當科學,數學來教,真想跟教育部長說,其實沒這麼困難好嗎?

譬如今天在網路上看到一篇討論金錢的文章,用字就生活化許多了

----

  My brother won't pay back the loan we gave him

  My husband and I lent my brother a large sum on our line of credit. He lives out of province and his assets are tied up in his fast-growing, successful business. He needed funds to bridge him until the sale of his home. He was to pay us back immediately after the house closed last April. But he has blown us off for months, most recently promising to repay in the “near future” following some important business transactions. I gently told him that blowing us off is totally not cool, and he apologized – but there’s still no concrete suggestion as to when he’ll pay up. He has a nice lifestyle, and it’s not our job to keep him afloat. I’ve been patient, but I’m concerned, feeling a little hurt and losing sleep. My husband is relaxed and trusts everything will work out. How can I tackle this with my brother?

----

 這不是很生活化的英文文章嗎? 怎麼英文課本裡的文章都長的不像這樣~~~不是在台灣的每個學生學英文,都一定要變成是莎士比亞才行吧~~難怪有一次學校的英文教授跟我說,台灣人出的了國留學的,大多可以教當地學生英文寫作,這會不會太誇張啊~教育部長!這樣教我們的國力真的比較強嗎?

英文文章出處:www.theglobeandmail.com
無責任文章翻譯:站長 davytw.pixnet.net

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生活充滿著各種不同的機會,端看你有沒有做對選擇 

7 months after the wedding .....

Life is full of choices

Have you made the right one


心得:女人不能只看外表啊
 

Funniest Banned Comercials 2013 They are not all funny, they are not all banned, they are not all commercials, and definitely they are not all 2013
用廣告學英文 2013年最好笑的廣告

常用英文 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

要如何快速要到型男的電話號碼呢?

Only one sentence ''Can i make a quick phone call?'' or "May I borrow your phone"

How To Get ANY Guy's Phone Number 

影片一開始居然是去擾亂別人的男朋友!還白目問說怎可能是你女朋友真的是XD! ARE U SURE ? 

 

 要如何快速要到正妹的電話號碼呢?

How To Get ANY Girl's Phone Number

 

其它簡單常用的搭訕英文

1. Haven't we met before? 我們之前見過吧?
2. You look like someone I know. 你跟我一位朋友長的好像。
3. Can I buy you a drink? 我可以請你喝一杯嗎?
4. You have a great smile. 你的笑容很美。
5. Are you here alone? 你一個人在這裡嗎?
6. Like to dance? 想跳舞嗎?

 

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http://www.agentsofshield.com/ 官方網站內含小遊戲

Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., or simply Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., is an American television series created for ABC by Joss Whedon, Jed Whedon and Maurissa Tancharoen, based on the Marvel Comics organization S.H.I.E.L.D. (Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division). The series is produced by ABC Studios, Marvel Television, and Mutant Enemy[2] and is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, sharing continuity with the films in that franchise. Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. revolves around the character of Phil Coulson, with Clark Gregg reprising the role.more~going to wiki..

S.H.I.E.L.D 這名字如果你覺得很陌生的話,下面這段在鋼鐵人的經典台詞你應該有點印象

From Iron Man (2008):

Agent Phil Coulson: I’m Agent Phil Coulson with the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division.

Virginia ‘Pepper’ Potts: That’s quite a mouthful.

Agent Phil Coulson: I know. We’re working on it.

Originally 一開始的起源

Supreme Headquarters, International Espionage, Law-Enforcement Division

Now 現在的名稱
Strategic, Hazard Intervention, Espionage Logistics Directorate

 

更多GOOGLE 搜索 神盾局特工Agents of SHIELD 2013第一季第一集

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要取英文名字當然要取的道地, 不要再用菜市場英文名字了 以下為 美國常用英文名字、底下網站提供英文字母A到Z開頭的女生英文名字查詢,網站裡還有英文名字意義的查詢說明,而且是免費查詢包括了英文名字來源,不管你是要取美國、法國、英國人常用的英文名字,都可以參考看看!

警告!
If you need to pick an English name, the only way to prevent yourself from picking a stupid-sounding name is to choose one from the 100 most popular English names for your gender during the year you were born. As an example, on this website you can look up the most popular American names by birth year.

 

男生                                                                                      女生

001

以上資料由 http://www.behindthename.com/ 提供 -這裡也可查男女生英文名字的涵意與來源-英文解釋

男生,女生英文名字的涵意與來源詳解 這裡可以查詢 - 中文解釋

 

比較一下台灣十大菜市場英文名字

 

 

延伸關鍵字:有梗的英文名字- Pika Chiu 、Robert Kao、Thomas tsao

 

 學習英文的正確步驟適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片英文書籍常聽簡單英文歌國小畢業必需學會的300英文單字

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這是一篇關於人生的英文,

用字不難但意義很深....

若你有緣可以藉由它的意含

而產生各種正面的蝴蝶效應

那也算是一種福份~~

 

常用英文你才不會忘記BLOG

       In life, one step creates the next. Each day is of equal importance, no matter how good or bad. There is no moment in life that does not matter. Regardless of how insignificant, each choice, each day, each idea, is the birth of the next. Something simple can completely reshape your life. It's just like the Butterfly Effect and you never know what is at the end. To go back in time and change one moment in the many that create your life could change everything that follows。  

 

      If I've learned anything, it is that everything matters. You can struggle through life in an attempt to create the perfect path, but the truth is you will always wonder if it could have been better. Everything is important and nothing need be changed — to climb up the hill may be difficult, but you'll reach the top no matter which path you choose。

發音
中文翻譯

原作者含全文

 

>The Butterfly Effect (2004) Trailer

 

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 I knew he would be surprised but I didn't expect this reaction!

Another update: lost619 reminded me that he didn't know how to unlock iOS 7 because the swipe bar was missing. After I showed him he said he didn't like it and wanted the old one back. He was fine with everything until he realized that it wasn't a simple setting to switch back. I was using the iPad he was upset about to film this, that's why you don't see him using it.

Update: My son doesn't own an iPhone or really much of anything, he's 4. I updated my iPad with iOS 7 and he uses it when I'm not. He wasn't upset until I told him we couldn't go back to iOS 6. He's a cool kid that doesn't like change much, deal with it.

 翻譯:我告訴兒子說~一切已經回不去的時候 他忍不住哭了....... T_T

Apple另一面的溫馨廣告 Misunderstood

 

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 富比世雜誌2015年全球富豪榜、台灣首富世界首富世界最有錢的人台灣富豪最新首富排行榜 ---

 最新首富排行榜 2014年台灣首富排行 2015年台灣首富排行 美國前十大高薪職業 

在我們開始知道誰是台灣最有錢的人之後,建議你先了解這世界錢的運作原理影片介紹,看完這個影片之後你才會理解為什麼你要從窮人翻身是一件極困難的事情,讓我們一起來看看到底這世界上關於錢是怎麼運做吧 貨幣市場的真相 或者 Google 如何快速賺錢

你想知道2013年台灣最有錢的人是誰嗎? 以下資料是全球最知名的富比士雜誌調查整理的結果,當然不要忘了常用英文你才不會忘記 看一些簡單的英文吧  

This is a list of Taiwan's wealthiest people, based on each person's total net worth. The total net worth is an estimate measured in United States dollars by Forbes in 2013

The richest in Taiwan  

  

按這裡可以比對一下 中文姓名

看完了台灣 TOP10 當然要比對一下全世界最有錢 TOP 10

Richest People in the World – Top 10 List of Billionaire Men – 2013

Who are the richest people in the world? Who is the richest man in the world? Who are the top 10 people having more money than anyone else on this planet? Who is the richest person in the world in 2013? Here lies the answer. We present the list of richest billionaires on Earth along their net worth for year 2013. Info on this page is according to the Forbes Magazine. List of richest men in the world starts with world’s richest man who is Carlos Slim Helu from Mexico.

For top 5, top 20, top 50 or top 100 richest people in the world, visit Forbes.

那些人是全世界最有錢的人?那世界首富又是誰呢?在地球上最有錢的前十名又是誰?在2013年最有錢的人是誰呢~ 這裡有答案

我們根據富比士雜誌資料報導,列出在地球上2013年最有錢人群的淨資產,排列在最前面的是墨西哥的Carlos Slim Helu 

  

 

Carlos Slim Helú

 Richest Man in the World from Mexico

The richest in the world 

看他笑的多開心啊~So smile , you're rich ~

 

He is the richest person in the world and he has been occupying this top spot since the year 2010. In the same year, he displaced Warren Buffet to become the person having net worth second to none. He was born Mexico to Lebanese parents. his father came to Mexico from Lebanon in as early s 1904. Since then, his family have been into business and Carlos Slim taking the legacy to new higher level. Carlos Slim holds a Civil Engineering Degree from National Autonomous University of Mexico. In short, richest engineer in the world happens to be the richest person as well. His business is diversified with investments in companies ranging from insurance to telecommunications. His major chunk of wealth comes from American Movil. Read more about him here.

他是世界上最有錢的人,而且從2010年開始就佔據前幾名排行榜多年,在同一年他幹掉了華倫巴菲特跟蓋茨,首次成為了當年全世界最有錢的人~

更多關於世界首富的資訊請看世界首富的思維系列

 

 

延伸閱讀:

 

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   背單字的方法 、快速矯正英文發音、-簡單英文歌常用的兒童英文學習網站

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I wrote a letter last week talking about the work of the foundation, sharing some of the problems. And Warren Buffet had recommended I do that -- being honest about what was going well, what wasn't, and making it kind of an annual thing. A goal I had there was to draw more people in to work on those problems, because I think there are some very important problems that don't get worked on naturally. That is, the market does not drive the scientists, the communicators, the thinkers, the governments to do the right things. And only by paying attention to these things and having brilliant people who care and draw other people in can we make as much progress as we need to.

So this morning I'm going to share two of these problems and talk about where they stand.But before I dive into those I want to admit that I am an optimist. Any tough problem, I think it can be solved. And part of the reason I feel that way is looking at the past. Over the past century, average lifespan has more than doubled. Another statistic, perhaps my favorite, is to look at childhood deaths. As recently as 1960, 110 million children were born, and 20 million of those died before the age of five. Five years ago, 135 million children were born -- so, more -- and less than 10 million of them died before the age of five. So that's a factor of two reduction of the childhood death rate. It's a phenomenal thing. Each one of those lives matters a lot.

And the key reason we were able to it was not only rising incomes but also a few key breakthroughs: vaccines that were used more widely. For example, measles was four million of the deaths back as recently as 1990 and now is under 400,000. So we really can make changes. The next breakthrough is to cut that 10 million in half again. And I think that's doable in well under 20 years. Why? Well there's only a few diseases that account for the vast majority of those deaths: diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria.

So that brings us to the first problem that I'll raise this morning, which is how do we stop a deadly disease that's spread by mosquitos?

Well, what's the history of this disease? It's been a severe disease for thousands of years.In fact, if we look at the genetic code, it's the only disease we can see that people who lived in Africa actually evolved several things to avoid malarial deaths. Deaths actually peaked at a bit over five million in the 1930s. So it was absolutely gigantic. And the disease was all over the world. A terrible disease. It was in the United States. It was in Europe. People didn't know what caused it until the early 1900s, when a British military man figured out that it was mosquitos. So it was everywhere. And two tools helped bring the death rate down.One was killing the mosquitos with DDT. The other was treating the patients with quinine, or quinine derivatives. And so that's why the death rate did come down.

Now, ironically, what happened was it was eliminated from all the temperate zones, which is where the rich countries are. So we can see: 1900, it's everywhere. 1945, it's still most places. 1970, the U.S. and most of Europe have gotten rid of it. 1990, you've gotten most of the northern areas. And more recently you can see it's just around the equator.

And so this leads to the paradox that because the disease is only in the poorer countries, it doesn't get much investment. For example, there's more money put into baldness drugsthan are put into malaria. Now, baldness, it's a terrible thing. (Laughter) And rich men are afflicted. And so that's why that priority has been set.

But, malaria -- even the million deaths a year caused by malaria greatly understate its impact. Over 200 million people at any one time are suffering from it. It means that you can't get the economies in these areas going because it just holds things back so much. Now, malaria is of course transmitted by mosquitos. I brought some here, just so you could experience this. We'll let those roam around the auditorium a little bit. (Laughter) There's no reason only poor people should have the experience. (Laughter) (Applause) Those mosquitos are not infected.

So we've come up with a few new things. We've got bed nets. And bed nets are a great tool.What it means is the mother and child stay under the bed net at night, so the mosquitos that bite late at night can't get at them. And when you use indoor spraying with DDT and those nets you can cut deaths by over 50 percent. And that's happened now in a number of countries. It's great to see.

But we have to be careful because malaria -- the parasite evolves and the mosquito evolves.So every tool that we've ever had in the past has eventually become ineffective. And so you end up with two choices. If you go into a country with the right tools and the right way, you do it vigorously, you can actually get a local eradication. And that's where we saw the malaria map shrinking. Or, if you go in kind of half-heartedly, for a period of time you'll reduce the disease burden, but eventually those tools will become ineffective, and the death rate will soar back up again. And the world has gone through this where it paid attention and then didn't pay attention.

Now we're on the upswing. Bed net funding is up. There's new drug discovery going on. Our foundation has backed a vaccine that's going into phase three trial that starts in a couple months. And that should save over two thirds of the lives if it's effective. So we're going to have these new tools.

But that alone doesn't give us the road map. Because the road map to get rid of this disease involves many things. It involves communicators to keep the funding high, to keep the visibility high, to tell the success stories. It involves social scientists, so we know how to get not just 70 percent of the people to use the bed nets, but 90 percent. We need mathematicians to come in and simulate this, to do Monte Carlo things to understand how these tools combine and work together. Of course we need drug companies to give us their expertise. We need rich-world governments to be very generous in providing aid for these things. And so as these elements come together, I'm quite optimistic that we will be able to eradicate malaria.

Now let me turn to a second question, a fairly different question, but I'd say equally important. And this is: How do you make a teacher great? It seems like the kind of question that people would spend a lot of time on, and we'd understand very well. And the answer is, really, that we don't. Let's start with why this is important. Well, all of us here, I'll bet, had some great teachers. We all had a wonderful education. That's part of the reason we're here today, part of the reason we're successful. I can say that, even though I'm a college drop-out. I had great teachers.

In fact, in the United States, the teaching system has worked fairly well. There are fairly effective teachers in a narrow set of places. So the top 20 percent of students have gotten a good education. And those top 20 percent have been the best in the world, if you measure them against the other top 20 percent. And they've gone on to create the revolutions in software and biotechnology and keep the U.S. at the forefront.

Now, the strength for those top 20 percent is starting to fade on a relative basis, but even more concerning is the education that the balance of people are getting. Not only has that been weak. it's getting weaker. And if you look at the economy, it really is only providing opportunities now to people with a better education. And we have to change this. We have to change it so that people have equal opportunity. We have to change it so that the country is strong and stays at the forefront of things that are driven by advanced education, like science and mathematics.

When I first learned the statistics, I was pretty stunned at how bad things are. Over 30 percent of kids never finish high school. And that had been covered up for a long timebecause they always took the dropout rate as the number who started in senior year and compared it to the number who finished senior year. Because they weren't tracking where the kids were before that. But most of the dropouts had taken place before that. They had to raise the stated dropout rate as soon as that tracking was done to over 30 percent. For minority kids, it's over 50 percent. And even if you graduate from high school, if you're low-income, you have less than a 25 percent chance of ever completing a college degree. If you're low-income in the United States, you have a higher chance of going to jail than you do of getting a four-year degree. And that doesn't seem entirely fair.

So, how do you make education better?

Now, our foundation, for the last nine years, has invested in this. There's many people working on it. We've worked on small schools, we've funded scholarships, we've done things in libraries. A lot of these things had a good effect. But the more we looked at it, the more we realized that having great teachers was the very key thing. And we hooked up with some people studying how much variation is there between teachers, between, say, the top quartile -- the very best -- and the bottom quartile. How much variation is there within a school or between schools? And the answer is that these variations are absolutely unbelievable. A top quartile teacher will increase the performance of their class -- based on test scores -- by over 10 percent in a single year. What does that mean? That means that if the entire U.S., for two years, had top quartile teachers, the entire difference between us and Asia would go away. Within four years we would be blowing everyone in the world away.

So, it's simple. All you need are those top quartile teachers. And so you'd say, "Wow, we should reward those people. We should retain those people. We should find out what they're doing and transfer that skill to other people." But I can tell you that absolutely is not happening today.

What are the characteristics of this top quartile? What do they look like? You might think these must be very senior teachers. And the answer is no. Once somebody has taught for three years their teaching quality does not change thereafter. The variation is very, very small. You might think these are people with master's degrees. They've gone back and they've gotten their Master's of Education. This chart takes four different factors and says how much do they explain teaching quality. That bottom thing, which says there's no effect at all, is a master's degree.

Now, the way the pay system works is there's two things that are rewarded. One is seniority. Because your pay goes up and you vest into your pension. The second is giving extra money to people who get their master's degree. But it in no way is associated with being a better teacher. Teach for America: slight effect. For math teachers majoring in math there's a measurable effect. But, overwhelmingly, it's your past performance. There are some people who are very good at this. And we've done almost nothing to study what that isand to draw it in and to replicate it, to raise the average capability -- or to encourage the people with it to stay in the system.

You might say, "Do the good teachers stay and the bad teacher's leave?" The answer is, on average, the slightly better teachers leave the system. And it's a system with very high turnover.

Now, there are a few places -- very few -- where great teachers are being made. A good example of one is a set of charter schools called KIPP. KIPP means Knowledge Is Power.It's an unbelievable thing. They have 66 schools -- mostly middle schools, some high schools -- and what goes on is great teaching. They take the poorest kids, and over 96 percent of their high school graduates go to four-year colleges. And the whole spirit and attitude in those schools is very different than in the normal public schools. They're team teaching. They're constantly improving their teachers. They're taking data, the test scores,and saying to a teacher, "Hey, you caused this amount of increase." They're deeply engaged in making teaching better.

When you actually go and sit in one of these classrooms, at first it's very bizarre. I sat down and I thought, "What is going on?" The teacher was running around, and the energy level was high. I thought, "I'm in the sports rally or something. What's going on?" And the teacher was constantly scanning to see which kids weren't paying attention, which kids were bored,and calling kids rapidly, putting things up on the board. It was a very dynamic environment,because particularly in those middle school years -- fifth through eighth grade -- keeping people engaged and setting the tone that everybody in the classroom needs to pay attention, nobody gets to make fun of it or have the position of the kid who doesn't want to be there. Everybody needs to be involved. And so KIPP is doing it.

How does that compare to a normal school? Well, in a normal school, teachers aren't told how good they are. The data isn't gathered. In the teacher's contract, it will limit the number of times the principal can come into the classroom -- sometimes to once per year. And they need advanced notice to do that. So imagine running a factory where you've got these workers, some of them just making crap and the management is told, "Hey, you can only come down here once a year, but you need to let us know, because we might actually fool you, and try and do a good job in that one brief moment."

Even a teacher who wants to improve doesn't have the tools to do it. They don't have the test scores, and there's a whole thing of trying to block the data. For example, New York passed a law that said that the teacher improvement data could not be made available and used in the tenure decision for the teachers. And so that's sort of working in the opposite direction. But I'm optimistic about this, I think there are some clear things we can do.

First of all, there's a lot more testing going on, and that's given us the picture of where we are. And that allows us to understand who's doing it well, and call them out, and find out what those techniques are. Of course, digital video is cheap now. Putting a few cameras in the classroom and saying that things are being recorded on an ongoing basis is very practical in all public schools. And so every few weeks teachers could sit down and say, "OK, here's a little clip of something I thought I did well. Here's a little clip of something I think I did poorly. Advise me -- when this kid acted up, how should I have dealt with that?"And they could all sit and work together on those problems. You can take the very best teachers and kind of annotate it, have it so everyone sees who is the very best at teaching this stuff.

You can take those great courses and make them available so that a kid could go out and watch the physics course, learn from that. If you have a kid who's behind, you would know you could assign them that video to watch and review the concept. And in fact, these free courses could not only be available just on the Internet, but you could make it so that DVDs were always available, and so anybody who has access to a DVD player can have the very best teachers. And so by thinking of this as a personnel system, we can do it much better.

Now there's a book actually, about KIPP -- the place that this is going on -- that Jay Matthews, a news reporter, wrote -- called, "Work Hard, Be Nice." And I thought it was so fantastic. It gave you a sense of what a good teacher does. I'm going to send everyone here a free copy of this book. (Applause)

Now, we put a lot of money into education, and I really think that education is the most important thing to get right for the country to have as strong a future as it should have. In fact we have in the stimulus bill -- it's interesting -- the House version actually had money in it for these data systems, and it was taken out in the Senate because there are people who are threatened by these things.

But I -- I'm optimistic. I think people are beginning to recognize how important this is, and it really can make a difference for millions of lives, if we get it right. I only had time to frame those two problems. There's a lot more problems like that -- AIDS, pneumonia -- I can just see you're getting excited, just at the very name of these things. And the skill sets required to tackle these things are very broad. You know, the system doesn't naturally make it happen. Governments don't naturally pick these things in the right way. The private sector doesn't naturally put its resources into these things.

So it's going to take brilliant people like you to study these things, get other people involved -- and you're helping to come up with solutions. And with that, I think there's some great things that will come out of it.

Thank you. (Applause)

 

延伸關鍵字:

 

 

 

 學習英文的正確步驟適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片英文書籍常聽簡單英文歌國小畢業必需學會的300英文單字

 

 

 

台灣最有錢的人和世界首富- 
Taiwan's 10 Richest 2013

 

世界首富的思維-至零方休的革新

 

世界首富的思維-我創造了微軟帝國

 

賈柏斯電影預告-蘋果電腦的誕生

 

世界首富的思維-老師們需要真正的回饋

世界首富的思維-賈伯斯在史丹佛大學畢業典禮的英文演講稿

 

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I'm going to talk today about energy and climate.
And that might seem a bit surprising because
my full-time work at the Foundation is mostly about vaccines and seeds,
about the things that we need to invent and deliver
to help the poorest two billion live better lives.
But energy and climate are extremely important to these people --
in fact, more important than to anyone else on the planet.
The climate getting worse means that many years, their crops won't grow:
There will be too much rain, not enough rain,
things will change in ways
that their fragile environment simply can't support.
And that leads to starvation, it leads to uncertainty, it leads to unrest.
So, the climate changes will be terrible for them.
Also, the price of energy is very important to them.
In fact, if you could pick just one thing to lower the price of,
to reduce poverty, by far you would pick energy.
Now, the price of energy has come down over time.
Really advanced civilization is based on advances in energy.
The coal revolution fueled the Industrial Revolution,
and, even in the 1900s we've seen a very rapid decline in the price of electricity,
and that's why we have refrigerators, air-conditioning,
we can make modern materials and do so many things.
And so, we're in a wonderful situation with electricity in the rich world.
But, as we make it cheaper -- and let's go for making it twice as cheap --
we need to meet a new constraint,
and that constraint has to do with CO2.
CO2 is warming the planet,
and the equation on CO2 is actually a very straightforward one.
If you sum up the CO2 that gets emitted,
that leads to a temperature increase,
and that temperature increase leads to some very negative effects:
the effects on the weather; perhaps worse, the indirect effects,
in that the natural ecosystems can't adjust to these rapid changes,
and so you get ecosystem collapses.
Now, the exact amount of how you map
from a certain increase of CO2 to what temperature will be
and where the positive feedbacks are,
there's some uncertainty there, but not very much.
And there's certainly uncertainty about how bad those effects will be,
but they will be extremely bad.
I asked the top scientists on this several times:
Do we really have to get down to near zero?
Can't we just cut it in half or a quarter?
And the answer is that until we get near to zero,
the temperature will continue to rise.
And so that's a big challenge.
It's very different than saying "We're a twelve-foot-high truck trying to get under a ten-foot bridge,
and we can just sort of squeeze under."
This is something that has to get to zero.
Now, we put out a lot of carbon dioxide every year,
over 26 billion tons.
For each American, it's about 20 tons;
for people in poor countries, it's less than one ton.
It's an average of about five tons for everyone on the planet.
And, somehow, we have to make changes
that will bring that down to zero.
It's been constantly going up.
It's only various economic changes that have even flattened it at all,
so we have to go from rapidly rising
to falling, and falling all the way to zero.
This equation has four factors,
a little bit of multiplication:
So, you've got a thing on the left, CO2, that you want to get to zero,
and that's going to be based on the number of people,
the services each person's using on average,
the energy on average for each service,
and the CO2 being put out per unit of energy.
So, let's look at each one of these
and see how we can get this down to zero.
Probably, one of these numbers is going to have to get pretty near to zero.
Now that's back from high school algebra,
but let's take a look.
First, we've got population.
The world today has 6.8 billion people.
That's headed up to about nine billion.
Now, if we do a really great job on new vaccines,
health care, reproductive health services,
we could lower that by, perhaps, 10 or 15 percent,
but there we see an increase of about 1.3.
The second factor is the services we use.
This encompasses everything:
the food we eat, clothing, TV, heating.
These are very good things:
getting rid of poverty means providing these services
to almost everyone on the planet.
And it's a great thing for this number to go up.
In the rich world, perhaps the top one billion,
we probably could cut back and use less,
but every year, this number, on average, is going to go up,
and so, over all, that will more than double
the services delivered per person.
Here we have a very basic service:
Do you have lighting in your house to be able to read your homework?
And, in fact, these kids don't, so they're going out
and reading their school work under the street lamps.
Now, efficiency, E, the energy for each service,
here finally we have some good news.
We have something that's not going up.
Through various inventions and new ways of doing lighting,
through different types of cars, different ways of building buildings --
there are a lot of services where you can bring
the energy for that service down quite substantially.
Some individual services even bring it down by 90 percent.
There are other services like how we make fertilizer,
or how we do air transport,
where the rooms for improvement are far, far less.
And so, overall here, if we're optimistic,
we may get a reduction of a factor of three to even, perhaps, a factor of six.
But for these first three factors now,
we've gone from 26 billion to, at best, maybe 13 billion tons,
and that just won't cut it.
So let's look at this fourth factor --
this is going to be a key one --
and this is the amount of CO2 put out per each unit of energy.
And so the question is: Can you actually get that to zero?
If you burn coal, no.
If you burn natural gas, no.
Almost every way we make electricity today,
except for the emerging renewables and nuclear, puts out CO2.
And so, what we're going to have to do at a global scale,
is create a new system.
And so, we need energy miracles.
Now, when I use the term "miracle," I don't mean something that's impossible.
The microprocessor is a miracle. The personal computer is a miracle.
The Internet and its services are a miracle.
So, the people here have participated in the creation of many miracles.
Usually, we don't have a deadline,
where you have to get the miracle by a certain date.
Usually, you just kind of stand by, and some come along, some don't.
This is a case where we actually have to drive at full speed
and get a miracle in a pretty tight timeline.
Now, I thought, "How could I really capture this?
Is there some kind of natural illustration,
some demonstration that would grab people's imagination here?"
I thought back to a year ago when I brought mosquitos,
and somehow people enjoyed that.
(Laughter)
It really got them involved in the idea of,
you know, there are people who live with mosquitos.
So, with energy, all I could come up with is this.
I decided that releasing fireflies
would be my contribution to the environment here this year.
So here we have some natural fireflies.
I'm told they don't bite; in fact, they might not even leave that jar.
(Laughter)
Now, there's all sorts of gimmicky solutions like that one,
but they don't really add up to much.
We need solutions -- either one or several --
that have unbelievable scale
and unbelievable reliability,
and, although there's many directions people are seeking,
I really only see five that can achieve the big numbers.
I've left out tide, geothermal, fusion, biofuels.
Those may make some contribution,
and if they can do better than I expect, so much the better,
but my key point here
is that we're going to have to work on each of these five,
and we can't give up any of them because they look daunting,
because they all have significant challenges.
Let's look first at the burning fossil fuels,
either burning coal or burning natural gas.
What you need to do there, seems like it might be simple, but it's not,
and that's to take all the CO2, after you've burned it, going out the flue,
pressurize it, create a liquid, put it somewhere,
and hope it stays there.
Now we have some pilot things that do this at the 60 to 80 percent level,
but getting up to that full percentage, that will be very tricky,
and agreeing on where these CO2 quantities should be put will be hard,
but the toughest one here is this long-term issue.
Who's going to be sure?
Who's going to guarantee something that is literally billions of times larger
than any type of waste you think of in terms of nuclear or other things?
This is a lot of volume.
So that's a tough one.
Next would be nuclear.
It also has three big problems:
Cost, particularly in highly regulated countries, is high;
the issue of the safety, really feeling good about nothing could go wrong,
that, even though you have these human operators,
that the fuel doesn't get used for weapons.
And then what do you do with the waste?
And, although it's not very large, there are a lot of concerns about that.
People need to feel good about it.
So three very tough problems that might be solvable,
and so, should be worked on.
The last three of the five, I've grouped together.
These are what people often refer to as the renewable sources.
And they actually -- although it's great they don't require fuel --
they have some disadvantages.
One is that the density of energy gathered in these technologies
is dramatically less than a power plant.
This is energy farming, so you're talking about many square miles,
thousands of time more area than you think of as a normal energy plant.
Also, these are intermittent sources.
The sun doesn't shine all day, it doesn't shine every day,
and, likewise, the wind doesn't blow all the time.
And so, if you depend on these sources,
you have to have some way of getting the energy
during those time periods that it's not available.
So, we've got big cost challenges here,
we have transmission challenges:
for example, say this energy source is outside your country;
you not only need the technology,
but you have to deal with the risk of the energy coming from elsewhere.
And, finally, this storage problem.
And, to dimensionalize this, I went through and looked at
all the types of batteries that get made --
for cars, for computers, for phones, for flashlights, for everything --
and compared that to the amount of electrical energy the world uses,
and what I found is that all the batteries we make now
could store less than 10 minutes of all the energy.
And so, in fact, we need a big breakthrough here,
something that's going to be a factor of 100 better
than the approaches we have now.
It's not impossible, but it's not a very easy thing.
Now, this shows up when you try to get the intermittent source
to be above, say, 20 to 30 percent of what you're using.
If you're counting on it for 100 percent,
you need an incredible miracle battery.
Now, how we're going to go forward on this -- what's the right approach?
Is it a Manhattan Project? What's the thing that can get us there?
Well, we need lots of companies working on this, hundreds.
In each of these five paths, we need at least a hundred people.
And a lot of them, you'll look at and say, "They're crazy." That's good.
And, I think, here in the TED group,
we have many people who are already pursuing this.
Bill Gross has several companies, including one called eSolar
that has some great solar thermal technologies.
Vinod Khosla's investing in dozens of companies
that are doing great things and have interesting possibilities,
and I'm trying to help back that.
Nathan Myhrvold and I actually are backing a company
that, perhaps surprisingly, is actually taking the nuclear approach.
There are some innovations in nuclear: modular, liquid.
And innovation really stopped in this industry quite some ago,
so the idea that there's some good ideas laying around is not all that surprising.
The idea of TerraPower is that, instead of burning a part of uranium --
the one percent, which is the U235 --
we decided, "Let's burn the 99 percent, the U238."
It is kind of a crazy idea.
In fact, people had talked about it for a long time,
but they could never simulate properly whether it would work or not,
and so it's through the advent of modern supercomputers
that now you can simulate and see that, yes,
with the right material's approach, this looks like it would work.
And, because you're burning that 99 percent,
you have greatly improved cost profile.
You actually burn up the waste, and you can actually use as fuel
all the leftover waste from today's reactors.
So, instead of worrying about them, you just take that. It's a great thing.
It breathes this uranium as it goes along, so it's kind of like a candle.
You can see it's a log there, often referred to as a traveling wave reactor.
In terms of fuel, this really solves the problem.
I've got a picture here of a place in Kentucky.
This is the leftover, the 99 percent,
where they've taken out the part they burn now,
so it's called depleted uranium.
That would power the U.S. for hundreds of years.
And, simply by filtering seawater in an inexpensive process,
you'd have enough fuel for the entire lifetime of the rest of the planet.
So, you know, it's got lots of challenges ahead,
but it is an example of the many hundreds and hundreds of ideas
that we need to move forward.
So let's think: How should we measure ourselves?
What should our report card look like?
Well, let's go out to where we really need to get,
and then look at the intermediate.
For 2050, you've heard many people talk about this 80 percent reduction.
That really is very important, that we get there.
And that 20 percent will be used up by things going on in poor countries,
still some agriculture,
hopefully we will have cleaned up forestry, cement.
So, to get to that 80 percent,
the developed countries, including countries like China,
will have had to switch their electricity generation altogether.
So, the other grade is: Are we deploying this zero-emission technology,
have we deployed it in all the developed countries
and we're in the process of getting it elsewhere?
That's super important.
That's a key element of making that report card.
So, backing up from there, what should the 2020 report card look like?
Well, again, it should have the two elements.
We should go through these efficiency measures to start getting reductions:
The less we emit, the less that sum will be of CO2,
and, therefore, the less the temperature.
But in some ways, the grade we get there,
doing things that don't get us all the way to the big reductions,
is only equally, or maybe even slightly less, important than the other,
which is the piece of innovation on these breakthroughs.
These breakthroughs, we need to move those at full speed,
and we can measure that in terms of companies,
pilot projects, regulatory things that have been changed.
There's a lot of great books that have been written about this.
The Al Gore book, "Our Choice"
and the David McKay book, "Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air."
They really go through it and create a framework
that this can be discussed broadly,
because we need broad backing for this.
There's a lot that has to come together.
So this is a wish.
It's a very concrete wish that we invent this technology.
If you gave me only one wish for the next 50 years --
I could pick who's president,
I could pick a vaccine, which is something I love,
or I could pick that this thing
that's half the cost with no CO2 gets invented --
this is the wish I would pick.
This is the one with the greatest impact.
If we don't get this wish,
the division between the people who think short term and long term will be terrible,
between the U.S. and China, between poor countries and rich,
and most of all the lives of those two billion will be far worse.
So, what do we have to do?
What am I appealing to you to step forward and drive?
We need to go for more research funding.
When countries get together in places like Copenhagen,
they shouldn't just discuss the CO2.
They should discuss this innovation agenda,
and you'd be stunned at the ridiculously low levels of spending
on these innovative approaches.
We do need the market incentives -- CO2 tax, cap and trade --
something that gets that price signal out there.
We need to get the message out.
We need to have this dialogue be a more rational, more understandable dialogue,
including the steps that the government takes.
This is an important wish, but it is one I think we can achieve.
Thank you.
(Applause)
Thank you.
Chris Anderson: Thank you. Thank you.
(Applause)
Thank you. So to understand more about TerraPower, right --
I mean, first of all, can you give a sense of what scale of investment this is?
Bil Gates: To actually do the software, buy the supercomputer,
hire all the great scientists, which we've done,
that's only tens of millions,
and even once we test our materials out in a Russian reactor
to make sure that our materials work properly,
then you'll only be up in the hundreds of millions.
The tough thing is building the pilot reactor;
finding the several billion, finding the regulator, the location
that will actually build the first one of these.
Once you get the first one built, if it works as advertised,
then it's just clear as day, because the economics, the energy density,
are so different than nuclear as we know it.
CA: And so, to understand it right, this involves building deep into the ground
almost like a vertical kind of column of nuclear fuel,
of this sort of spent uranium,
and then the process starts at the top and kind of works down?
BG: That's right. Today, you're always refueling the reactor,
so you have lots of people and lots of controls that can go wrong:
that thing where you're opening it up and moving things in and out,
that's not good.
So, if you have very cheap fuel that you can put 60 years in --
just think of it as a log --
put it down and not have those same complexities.
And it just sits there and burns for the 60 years, and then it's done.
CA: It's a nuclear power plant that is its own waste disposal solution.
BG: Yeah. Well, what happens with the waste,
you can let it sit there -- there's a lot less waste under this approach --
then you can actually take that,
and put it into another one and burn that.
And we start off actually by taking the waste that exists today,
that's sitting in these cooling pools or dry casking by reactors --
that's our fuel to begin with.
So, the thing that's been a problem from those reactors
is actually what gets fed into ours,
and you're reducing the volume of the waste quite dramatically
as you're going through this process.
CA: I mean, you're talking to different people around the world
about the possibilities here.
Where is there most interest in actually doing something with this?
BG: Well, we haven't picked a particular place,
and there's all these interesting disclosure rules about anything that's called "nuclear,"
so we've got a lot of interest,
that people from the company have been in Russia, India, China --
I've been back seeing the secretary of energy here,
talking about how this fits into the energy agenda.
So I'm optimistic. You know, the French and Japanese have done some work.
This is a variant on something that has been done.
It's an important advance, but it's like a fast reactor,
and a lot of countries have built them,
so anybody who's done a fast reactor is a candidate to be where the first one gets built.
CA: So, in your mind, timescale and likelihood
of actually taking something like this live?
BG: Well, we need -- for one of these high-scale, electro-generation things
that's very cheap,
we have 20 years to invent and then 20 years to deploy.
That's sort of the deadline that the environmental models
have shown us that we have to meet.
And, you know, TerraPower, if things go well -- which is wishing for a lot --
could easily meet that.
And there are, fortunately now, dozens of companies --
we need it to be hundreds --
who, likewise, if their science goes well,
if the funding for their pilot plants goes well,
that they can compete for this.
And it's best if multiple succeed,
because then you could use a mix of these things.
We certainly need one to succeed.
CA: In terms of big-scale possible game changes,
is this the biggest that you're aware of out there?
BG: An energy breakthrough is the most important thing.
It would have been, even without the environmental constraint,
but the environmental constraint just makes it so much greater.
In the nuclear space, there are other innovators.
You know, we don't know their work as well as we know this one,
but the modular people, that's a different approach.
There's a liquid-type reactor, which seems a little hard,
but maybe they say that about us.
And so, there are different ones,
but the beauty of this is a molecule of uranium
has a million times as much energy as a molecule of, say, coal,
and so -- if you can deal with the negatives,
which are essentially the radiation --
the footprint and cost, the potential,
in terms of effect on land and various things,
is almost in a class of its own.
CA: If this doesn't work, then what?
Do we have to start taking emergency measures
to try and keep the temperature of the earth stable?
BG: If you get into that situation,
it's like if you've been over-eating, and you're about to have a heart attack:
Then where do you go? You may need heart surgery or something.
There is a line of research on what's called geoengineering,
which are various techniques that would delay the heating
to buy us 20 or 30 years to get our act together.
Now, that's just an insurance policy.
You hope you don't need to do that.
Some people say you shouldn't even work on the insurance policy
because it might make you lazy,
that you'll keep eating because you know heart surgery will be there to save you.
I'm not sure that's wise, given the importance of the problem,
but there's now the geoengineering discussion
about -- should that be in the back pocket in case things happen faster,
or this innovation goes a lot slower than we expect?
CA: Climate skeptics: If you had a sentence or two to say to them,
how might you persuade them that they're wrong?
BG: Well, unfortunately, the skeptics come in different camps.
The ones who make scientific arguments are very few.
Are they saying that there's negative feedback effects
that have to do with clouds that offset things?
There are very, very few things that they can even say
there's a chance in a million of those things.
The main problem we have here, it's kind of like AIDS.
You make the mistake now, and you pay for it a lot later.
And so, when you have all sorts of urgent problems,
the idea of taking pain now that has to do with a gain later,
and a somewhat uncertain pain thing --
in fact, the IPCC report, that's not necessarily the worst case,
and there are people in the rich world who look at IPCC
and say, "OK, that isn't that big of a deal."
The fact is it's that uncertain part that should move us towards this.
But my dream here is that, if you can make it economic,
and meet the CO2 constraints,
then the skeptics say, "OK,
I don't care that it doesn't put out CO2,
I kind of wish it did put out CO2,
but I guess I'll accept it because it's cheaper than what's come before."
(Applause)
CA: And so, that would be your response to the Bjorn Lomborg argument,
that basically if you spend all this energy trying to solve the CO2 problem,
it's going to take away all your other goals
of trying to rid the world of poverty and malaria and so forth,
it's a stupid waste of the Earth's resources to put money towards that
when there are better things we can do.
BG: Well, the actual spending on the R&D piece --
say the U.S. should spend 10 billion a year more than it is right now --
it's not that dramatic.
It shouldn't take away from other things.
The thing you get into big money on, and this, reasonable people can disagree,
is when you have something that's non-economic and you're trying to fund that --
that, to me, mostly is a waste.
Unless you're very close and you're just funding the learning curve
and it's going to get very cheap,
I believe we should try more things that have a potential
to be far less expensive.
If the trade-off you get into is, "Let's make energy super expensive,"
then the rich can afford that.
I mean, all of us here could pay five times as much for our energy
and not change our lifestyle.
The disaster is for that two billion.
And even Lomborg has changed.
His shtick now is, "Why isn't the R&D getting more discussed?"
He's still, because of his earlier stuff,
still associated with the skeptic camp,
but he's realized that's a pretty lonely camp,
and so, he's making the R&D point.
And so there is a thread of something that I think is appropriate.
The R&D piece, it's crazy how little it's funded.
CA: Well Bill, I suspect I speak on the behalf of most people here
to say I really hope your wish comes true. Thank you so much.
BG: Thank you.

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well microsoft was the first
software company where
rewrote software for personal computers and we believe
that we could hire the best engineers
there was a
unbelievable amount of software to be written
and
we could do it well we could do it on of global basis
uh... to
original
customer base
was the
hardware manufacturers
and resold
to literally hundreds and hundreds
uh... over a hundred companies in japan over a hundred companies doing
word processors in industrial control type things
we know in the long run we wanted to sell suffered directly to users
but we actually didn't get around that
till nineteen eighty
when we had uh... our first sort of deans and
uh...
uh... productivity software that
that people would go to a computer store in actually by the the software package
we actually
talked about it
unit article
and i think nineteen
seventy seven was the first time it appears in print
where we say a computer on it on every destin and every home
and actually did
pick we said running microsoft software
if we were just talking about the vision we'd leave
that those last three words out
uh... if we were
document internal company
discussion
we put those words and
and
it's very hard to
recall
crazy and wild that was you know on every desk and in every form
you know at the time you have
people who are very smart same
you know why would somebody needed computer or even ken olsen
who would run this company digital equipment
who made the computer i grew up with
and you know that we admired
both him and his company immensely
was saying that
this seemed kinda a silly idea
that people would want to have a computer
when
ibm
saw that we had written supper for all the personal computers
they came to us sought or advice on the design
but we said you should put it this can
and since they wanted to ship very quickly
another company
uh...
called digital research
had done that work
for the eight bit machines
and they were starting to do a version for this new these new sixteen machines
we commenced by the end of the sixteen bit machine
using this
eighty eighty six eighty d eight processor will be entered research
really hadn't finished the work
and that idea was getting frustrated because they're doing research
when sign even a non-disclosure agreement
and then some of us uh... particularly paul
and uh...
key person in kozhikode nishi
uh...
was from japan worked with us
said no no no we should just do that ourselves
and because of a quick timing
we end up licensee me original called from another company
uh...
and turned that into m_s_ toss
and
so then
subsequently m_s_ tossed competed with
this digital research cpm
uh... after about two or three years and messed osx
became far far more popular
uh... then
than cpm and then eventually we would
pecan ad
graphics capability on top of m_s_ toss
and then integrate the two together
and said today when we talk about windows
and actually include
although zen estilo slings in it that's the full operating system
alarm also you think of the graphics in windows and stuff there's a lot of
more classic operating system capability that that's built in there
they are the end initial bill is a flat fee deal uh... another flat the deal
it had certain restrictions
that prevented i_b_m_
from selling to other hardware makers
so people did
i_b_m_p_c_ compatible machines
we would get the revenue by doing business directly with those people
and that the deal was very complicated but it was a deal that
steve balmer who's a key person of the company by that time
and i thought a lot about
and it was that they really
junior team from i_b_m_ so we tried to make sure that given our belief that
personal computers would be hyper popular
that microsoft would get
a lot upside so
they felt they got a very good deal which they did
as the industry expanded
we uh...
for numbers and some for different machines we dot that opportunity even
though they did not pay so royalty
even in the early days of the set a computer on every desk every home and
you'd say okay how many homes are there on the world how many decir on the world
you know can i make twenty bucks for every home twenty bucks for every desk
if you get these big numbers
part of the beauty of the
hoping was
we were very focused on the here and now
should we hire one more person
ip our customers
didn't pay s
what we have enough cash to meet the payroll
we really were very practical about
that next thing and so involved in
the deep into the ring
that we didn't get ahead of ourselves we never thought
you know how big we'd be i remember
when uh... will your lead lists of wealthy people came out
and
uh... one of the intel founders was there
pic i ran wayne
computer section still
women still doing well and we thought within boy at the software business does
well
nevada microsoft could be
summer to that but it wasn't real focus state
the everyday activity of
doing great software
through a stand
decisions we made like the quality of the people the way we were very global
that vision of
uh...
uh... how we thought about software that was very long term
but you know other than those things you know we just came in to work every day
in
uh...
wrote more quote
you know hired
hired more people
it wasn't really until the idea of pc
succeeded and perhaps even into windows succeeded that
there was a broad awareness that microsoft
was very unique
as a software company that these other companies have been one product
companies
have heart
people could do a broad set of things didn't renew their accidents tend to
research
uh... so
and we've got your
doing something very unique but it was easily
i'm not until nineteen ninety five or even nineteen ninety-seven that
that there was this wide recognition that we
we where the company that had
had revolutionized software
when i was very young
had been exposed to computers so i was mostly just free team
doing math learning about science
and i wasn't sure what
my critique
i knew i loved
alarming about things i was an avid reader
but it was when i was twelve years old that i
i first got use a computer
actually a very
limited machine by today's standards uh... back but that
definitely fascinated me when i was first exposed
i was intrigued
uh... by figuring out what to do but couldn't do
and some friends of mine
lots of time uh... the teachers got intimidated so we were on our own
trying to figure it out actually gave
course on computers
uh... to the other students
and it became
you know a fascination where
uh... we
got paid for doing computer work and
talked about forming a accompany
uh... but
there was kind of a magical breakthrough in the computer
became
uh...
and
we could see that
everyone could afford a computer
uh... that was
much later
uh... but id
uh... that's what got us to
really get interim and create company for software
yet map was the thing that uh... k most natural to me
and
you need to make peace
exams some which were sort of nationwide exams and
uh... i did quite well almost
gave me some confidence and i had some
teachers were very christine
uh... they
let me read text books they encourage me to take
uh... college course on
symbolic math which is actually called
algebra
uh...
so i i felt
it pretty confident in my math skills which is a nice thing because
uh... not only the sciences but economics a lot of things
if you're
comfortable
uh... with math and statistics and
weighs in
looking at cause-and-effect
uh... that's extremely helpful
computers were immensely
expensive
uh... and cost millions of dollars a machine that
was far less powerful and
from what you have a m
a cell phone
today and so that
either you do
have a very
important application
or you to share the machine with other people and still you had to pay quite a
bit of money
and sometimes turns worrier connected up in and sharon machine
it's a lot better then
sending their programs and because you can see
when you make a mistake
uh... pretty quickly
even so because they charge is so much
we'd actually typed the programs
offline on a paper t
uh... so that we didn't
have any delay for typing
and then when we got onto the computer we'd feeding on that tape
uh... so that
that was less less time online
but it gave you a sense look at what you got right and wrong and you could try
and cracked things
uh... we also
because at that time the dominant form of computing misusing punch cards
we exceeded that quite a bit we're down
at the university of washington use some of those
punch card systems
as computers became less expensive so-called many computers
that more people had access mostly scientists and business people
but also we
managed to find
machines that were being used at night the idea of the machine is something
that an individual would use and that it would just sit there idle when they
weren't using them
dot only made sense
about a decade later
when the work that we and others have done
had gotten a the price down so dramatically
the idea of a computer sitting idle unit doesn't feel like some q_-two waste of
resources
alike
uh... it did when they were
so uh...
expensive and rare
i went through several phases of doing more complex programs
where people who were great programmers would look at my work give me feedback
on it
and
you get to you
you camille quite a good programmer
and it was kind of a such a
uh... intense activity
between the age of thirteen and seventeen
uh... that
you know we learned a allot
uh... densely welded
programs which were calm was
the idea of the scheduling of
uh... bar school when should the classes mean who should be what sections they
are all these requests
people who want different classes and
keeping them small and not having the teachers teach too many
classes around
very complex kind of software problem
inaction of the school first asked me to do it
uh... when i was fifteen
i said that i i didn't know how
an awsome adults to do it not
didn't work
uh...
and many
about a year later i'd figured out how to do it
and so my friends and i actually did the software
did all this high school scheduling uh... betrayed some fantastic
uh... benefits to us
and we got paid for doing it
it was exactly the kind of com complex problem that
now develop my skills very well
and you know we got
some degree of
control over
who is on our classes and
uh...
so you know it combined the best of everything
well my parents have been
fantastic
throughout
my whole student career mean getting me to go lakeside
uh... that
my senior at lakeside word one and two take time off and do this job it to your
w they've been very supportive about letting live down in vancouver
washington
i decided to show some a little bit
where and some of that
mike orchestra w so they should skip undergraduate school graduate school
and they were not do just about that
it looks like tight
would have an option you do that but i didn't i
i'd just went to harvard
and that was another case where they were right that in a socially demand
other undergraduates was good
i want to take graduate courses up at m_i_t_
and i did that too limited degree so i i kinda had the best of both worlds anyway
when it came time to be
uh... go on leave
from harvard
the policies of the school about if your garden
letting you come back work
credibly generous
and so
if he had a price it failed
then
and i would have been back into my parents
we're a little surprised
and kind of
wondering what it meant
uh... but they were pretty supportive
and in fact when we got into this legal dispute
uh... with per checked
you know my dad gave me good advice he was
supportive on on that
and so we saw that
through
and
you know that is the company became successful a
you know i hope they felt better about it
nearly all the really bad case was if it
if i stayed
and the company of was kinda mediocre lee successful that they'll that would
be okay if it
was a big success it would be okay maybe you know they could see i was
very energized and
i thought
in we needed to get in at the very beginning and not waste a year or two
which is what i have left of mine
uh... undergraduate course requirements
well i think the american dream is this kind of a global dream now that young
people
can come up with new ideas and
and create
companies that make a contribution not just jobs that whatever their
innovations that they bring about
no capitalism is this unbelievable open system that if you combine it with
uh... good infrastructure good education
their creativity
that we find
uh... for people who've had that those cancers
is always going to surprise us it's always going to come up with new seeds
new medicines and software
the movies you know things that are
or make the world a better place
microsoft
was at the center of the personal ck computer revolution in particularly
intimidate creation of a software market we went out to lots of companies and
courage them to write software
for different applications monday now applications
wild up occasions
that idea that
you would encourage people to be creative and build saw for maybe a whole
industry around that
uh... microsoft we didn't have no one else did
and so we got that going
and that's led now to where you have all these great choices and it just keeps
getting better and better ants because of the following the machines out there
it can be sold very very inexpensively sadat
all bootstrap getting the industry going
making a it personal making them be lots of software that's what we or the most
proud of
the foundation not started uh...
in the late nineties with my dad encouraging mean
uh... an executive named patty stone separate
uh... left microsoft
or helping out high was still
very busy
our kids were
uh... very young
uh... but we got going
put computers in libraries in many different countries including the united
states
we did some scholarship things
we were learning about
uh...
reproductive health and and population issues
and i kept growing
and we met people
though about back scenes and
sos
a part-time thing
a global health was a bit over half
uh... the u_s_ focused uh... library scholarship education work was over a
quarter
uh... that there was a final peace
relates to other things
the poorest other than just and health
uh... things things like
finance in savings
an eight in our group
then i saw that
uh... i could make
unique contribution aaron created to transition plan uh... that was
four years in the making
and so now im full-time at the time dation
and
plane rolled
being the chairman and
traveling a lot concerts you know it's equally challenging it's very fulfilling
it's taking this these resources on lucky enough to have because of the
success of microsoft
in giving those back to that the society
in a way that can have the biggest impact

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 世界首富的思維-至零方休的革新

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 賈柏斯電影預告-蘋果電腦的誕生

 世界首富的思維-老師們需要真正的回饋

世界首富的思維-賈伯斯在史丹佛大學畢業典禮的英文演講稿

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Steve! It takes guts to drop out like you did. Higher education comes at the expense of experience. Woz! What do you work out? It's a computer terminal that hooks up to the TV for the display. Steve? Whoa... These are state of the art. Nobody makes anything like this. Welcome to Apple computer. This is everything? Sort of... I think we should start with around 90 grand. - Could you repeat that? - If you'll have me aboard. Apple incorporate went public this morning. We got to make the small things unforgettable. - Typeface isn't a pressing issue. - Get out! He's trying to start a war with IBM! Steve has been doing the impossible ever since he was in a garage. I'm trying to build Apple and they're taking it away from me? If you keep heading down this path, I will not protect you. It's a blatant ripoff. I'm gonna sue you for every cent! You are your own worst enemy. The board is unanimous. Steve will no longer be involved in this company. Ten years after Steeve Jobs departure, the future of Apple computer is in jeopardy. In life, you only get to do so many things. I'm gonna make Apple cool again. Here is to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. Because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the one who do. If we're gonna do this thing, we need to come up with a name. Apple That is so much better than Phaser-Beam Computers.

-----------

The story of Steve Jobs' ascension from college dropout into one of the most revered creative entrepreneurs of the 20th century.

The Movieclips Trailers channel is your destination for hot new trailers the second they drop. Whether they are blockbusters, indie films, or that new comedy you've been waiting for, the Movieclips Trailers team is there day and night to make sure all the hottest new movie trailers are available whenever you need them, as soon as you can get them. All the summer blockbusters, Man of Steel, Oblivion, Pacific Rim, After Earth, The Lone Ranger, Star Trek Into Darkness and more! They are all available on Movieclips Trailers.

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movieclips "movie clips" movieclipstrailers "new trailers" "trailers HD" hd trailers movieclipsDOTcom trailer 2013 official HD zefr biography drama "steve jobs" apple computers college "ashton kutcher" "amanda crew" "j. k. simmons" "josh gad" "Joshua Michael Stern" "Dermot Mulroney" glasses entrepreneur company etimmons

Jobs_(film)  上映日期2013/08

 

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Everyone needs a coach.
It doesn't matter whether you're a basketball player,
a tennis player, a gymnast
or a bridge player.
(Laughter)
My bridge coach, Sharon Osberg,
says there are more pictures of the back of her head
than anyone else's in the world. (Laughter)
Sorry, Sharon. Here you go.
We all need people who will give us feedback.
That's how we improve.
Unfortunately, there's one group of people
who get almost no systematic feedback
to help them do their jobs better,
and these people
have one of the most important jobs in the world.
I'm talking about teachers.
When Melinda and I learned
how little useful feedback most teachers get,
we were blown away.
Until recently, over 98 percent of teachers
just got one word of feedback:
Satisfactory.
If all my bridge coach ever told me
was that I was "satisfactory,"
I would have no hope of ever getting better.
How would I know who was the best?
How would I know what I was doing differently?
Today, districts are revamping
the way they evaluate teachers,
but we still give them almost no feedback
that actually helps them improve their practice.
Our teachers deserve better.
The system we have today isn't fair to them.
It's not fair to students,
and it's putting America's global leadership at risk.
So today I want to talk about how we can help all teachers
get the tools for improvement they want and deserve.
Let's start by asking who's doing well.
Well, unfortunately there's no international ranking tables
for teacher feedback systems.
So I looked at the countries
whose students perform well academically,
and looked at what they're doing
to help their teachers improve.
Consider the rankings for reading proficiency.
The U.S. isn't number one.
We're not even in the top 10.
We're tied for 15th with Iceland and Poland.
Now, out of all the places
that do better than the U.S. in reading,
how many of them have a formal system
for helping teachers improve?
Eleven out of 14.
The U.S. is tied for 15th in reading,
but we're 23rd in science and 31st in math.
So there's really only one area where we're near the top,
and that's in failing to give our teachers
the help they need to develop their skills.
Let's look at the best academic performer:
the province of Shanghai, China.
Now, they rank number one across the board,
in reading, math and science,
and one of the keys to Shanghai's incredible success
is the way they help teachers keep improving.
They made sure that younger teachers
get a chance to watch master teachers at work.
They have weekly study groups,
where teachers get together and talk about what's working.
They even require each teacher to observe
and give feedback to their colleagues.
You might ask, why is a system like this so important?
It's because there's so much variation
in the teaching profession.
Some teachers are far more effective than others.
In fact, there are teachers throughout the country
who are helping their students make extraordinary gains.
If today's average teacher
could become as good as those teachers,
our students would be blowing away the rest of the world.
So we need a system that helps all our teachers
be as good as the best.
What would that system look like?
Well, to find out, our foundation
has been working with 3,000 teachers
in districts across the country
on a project called Measures of Effective Teaching.
We had observers watch videos
of teachers in the classroom
and rate how they did on a range of practices.
For example, did they ask their students
challenging questions?
Did they find multiple ways to explain an idea?
We also had students fill out surveys with questions like,
"Does your teacher know
when the class understands a lesson?"
"Do you learn to correct your mistakes?"
And what we found is very exciting.
First, the teachers who did well on these observations
had far better student outcomes.
So it tells us we're asking the right questions.
And second, teachers in the program told us
that these videos and these surveys from the students
were very helpful diagnostic tools,
because they pointed to specific places
where they can improve.
I want to show you what this video component of MET
looks like in action.
(Music)
(Video) Sarah Brown Wessling: Good morning everybody.
Let's talk about what's going on today.
To get started, we're doing a peer review day, okay?
A peer review day, and our goal by the end of class
is for you to be able to determine
whether or not you have moves to prove in your essays.
My name is Sarah Brown Wessling.
I am a high school English teacher
at Johnston High School in Johnston, Iowa.
Turn to somebody next to you.
Tell them what you think I mean when I talk about moves to prove. I've talk about --
I think that there is a difference for teachers
between the abstract of how we see our practice
and then the concrete reality of it.
Okay, so I would like you to please bring up your papers.
I think what video offers for us
is a certain degree of reality.
You can't really dispute what you see on the video,
and there is a lot to be learned from that,
and there are a lot of ways that we can grow
as a profession when we actually get to see this.
I just have a flip camera and a little tripod
and invested in this tiny little wide-angle lens.
At the beginning of class, I just perch it
in the back of the classroom. It's not a perfect shot.
It doesn't catch every little thing that's going on.
But I can hear the sound. I can see a lot.
And I'm able to learn a lot from it.
So it really has been a simple
but powerful tool in my own reflection.
All right, let's take a look at the long one first, okay?
Once I'm finished taping, then I put it in my computer,
and then I'll scan it and take a peek at it.
If I don't write things down, I don't remember them.
So having the notes is a part of my thinking process,
and I discover what I'm seeing as I'm writing.
I really have used it for my own personal growth
and my own personal reflection on teaching strategy
and methodology and classroom management,
and just all of those different facets of the classroom.
I'm glad that we've actually done the process before
so we can kind of compare what works, what doesn't.
I think that video exposes
so much of what's intrinsic to us as teachers
in ways that help us learn and help us understand,
and then help our broader communities understand
what this complex work is really all about.
I think it is a way to exemplify and illustrate
things that we cannot convey in a lesson plan,
things you cannot convey in a standard,
things that you cannot even sometimes convey
in a book of pedagogy.
Alrighty, everybody, have a great weekend.
I'll see you later.
[Every classroom could look like that]
(Applause)
Bill Gates: One day, we'd like every classroom in America
to look something like that.
But we still have more work to do.
Diagnosing areas where a teacher needs to improve
is only half the battle.
We also have to give them the tools they need
to act on the diagnosis.
If you learn that you need to improve
the way you teach fractions,
you should be able to watch a video
of the best person in the world teaching fractions.
So building this complete teacher feedback
and improvement system won't be easy.
For example, I know some teachers
aren't immediately comfortable with the idea
of a camera in the classroom.
That's understandable, but our experience with MET
suggests that if teachers manage the process,
if they collect video in their own classrooms,
and they pick the lessons they want to submit,
a lot of them will be eager to participate.
Building this system will also require
a considerable investment.
Our foundation estimates that it could cost
up to five billion dollars.
Now that's a big number, but to put it in perspective,
it's less than two percent
of what we spend every year on teacher salaries.
The impact for teachers would be phenomenal.
We would finally have a way to give them feedback,
as well as the means to act on it.
But this system would have
an even more important benefit for our country.
It would put us on a path to making sure
all our students get a great education,
find a career that's fulfilling and rewarding,
and have a chance to live out their dreams.
This wouldn't just make us a more successful country.
It would also make us a more fair and just one, too.
I'm excited about the opportunity
to give all our teachers the support they want and deserve.
I hope you are too.
Thank you.
(Applause)

 

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  學習英文的正確步驟適合學習英文的卡通/動畫片英文書籍常聽簡單英文歌國小畢業必需學會的300英文單字

  台灣最有錢的人和世界首富- Taiwan's 10 Richest 2013

 世界首富的思維-至零方休的革新

 世界首富的思維-我創造了微軟帝國

 賈柏斯電影預告-蘋果電腦的誕生

 世界首富的思維-老師們需要真正的回饋

世界首富的思維-賈伯斯在史丹佛大學畢業典禮的英文演講稿

 

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If you have such a girlfriend, it must be very happy day!

 grand-theft-auto-5  

當女友發現你玩俠盜5太久的時候

Jesse has been playing his new video game, Grand Theft Auto 5, practically nonstop since he got it.It's been consuming all of his time and now it's ridiculous. I personally, do think the game is pretty cool, but it's kinda annoying how he won't stop playing! I put matters into my own hands to attempt to get him to chill out with the gaming. I filled up automatic water guns to spray him. I put an awful smelling fart bomb under his chair, shocked him with a shock pen, sparked a fake fire flame explosion in front of him. Nylah, our cat, even took a dive at him. I scared him with an airhorn, made some beats with a homemade water bottle/ box drum, and blew a loud whistle in his face. I even tied a rope onto his chair to pull him away from the TV. Best of all. I wrapped tape all around his face, headset and chair! If you are wondering if it worked, yes, he finally stopped playing! haha.

Do you have a boyfriend who games too much, or a brother, or friend? Has it gotten out of hand? Are they hogging the TV? Well.... I have the perfect solution for you!!! Hehe ;) Just try some of these things and see what happens. 

 

《俠盜獵車手5》 這遊戲實在太強大了 , 男人必敗的遊戲之一啊

 

 

 

 

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